Stages of Team Dynamics in “Becoming a High Performing Team”
Group or Team:
Developing a high performing team is not an instantaneous thing or a result of luck, all group members, skilled or experienced coming together for the first time will go through several stages before potentially becoming a “High Performing Team”.
In the last few years there were a number of teams that performed at a high level, in the sporting arena, particularly they were, Leicester City in the premier league, also, Wales and Iceland at the European Championships, the question is why did they perform and outperform others.
It all starts with the Culture, Values, Beliefs and Leadership Traits without these Team Development at the highest level is not possible, before we review these aspects we need to look at the stages a group goes through on route to “High Performance”.
Recognising these fundamental stages a group goes through can help you identify the team’s requirements on the way to high performance. The five stages of team development are summarised below, and is based on the work of Dr. Bruce Tuckman, a psychology researcher in group dynamics in 1965.
The Stages of Team Development
Forming: the group is ‘undeveloped’ and generally people are concerned with ‘who fits where’. This is usually the initial stage of a group of people meeting for the first time, but it can also happen when a new member of a team joins an established team, such as a new leader, or a strong character. This happens with all groups irrespective of size, this also applies to two people starting a relationship to an organisation with potentially hundreds.
Storming: this is the ‘experimenting’ phase, very simply the “Leadership” is being tested for its ability to deliver and the individuals are testing out where they fit into the group and are concerned with how they work together so only a small amount is likely to be achieved at this stage if at all. The group is likely to be showing signs of conflict and as well as lively debates and discussions.
Norming: the group is ‘settling down’ and starting to feel more comfortable with working with each other. The ‘Normalisation’ of behaviours that are appropriate within an organisation that function’s well is beginning to happen. Far more is being achieved at this stage, although there is room for improvement!
Performing: the group is now a team! It is mature with goals being achieved and an atmosphere that is relaxed and purposeful. The team is likely to be feeling confident at this stage with a really open and honest dialogue-taking place. Many teams never reach this stage and if they do, it is rare that it is for anything other than a brief spell before the next stage of “Mourning”.
Mourning or adjourning: the group is disbanding. This fifth stage should not be forgotten, this was added in the 1970’s. An acid test of how well a team has worked together can often be found at the mourning stage. If there has been great camaraderie and the team has produced great results, the team is likely to feel great sadness and loss at breaking up. Often successful teams once disbanded, keep in touch afterwards, and certainly feel a bond when meeting up in the future. These teams are again rare and in the minority.
The good news is that any team can become high performing with the right ingredients: I’m offering you a 4-hour Introduction to team dynamics and elite performance at your office / preferred location, for Management, Executives and Directors looking to improve both team and individual performances within their departments.
Talk with Us:
Great Teams don’t just happen they go through several stages to ensure a successful cohesion of personalities. Building a successful team is a simple task, keeping a successful team is a much harder proposition and picking the right people is the hardest part of all.
Spending Time with our experts will clearly road map for you how to build a successful team with a winning formula and more importantly keep the team on track when new members join or members leave, insuring a balance is maintained.
Team Building Event:
Plan a team-building event to rejuvenate the team, or when the team’s energy takes a dive or where the team needs to re-focus their efforts towards a new or changed goal.
All you need to do to organise this introductory session is reply via the contact form and we can get a date in the diary or if you want to read part 2 and 3, send your work e mail address and details through our contact form.